My uncle Fernando Garcia Ponce, was born in Merida Yucatan in 1933. He studied architecture at the university Autonoma de Mexico, while painting on the side. He formed a group with Lilia Carrillo, Manuel Felguerez and Vicente Rojo devoted to Abstractionism. The Ruptura Generation was an art movement in Mexico in the 1960s, breaking away from the established national style of Muralismo. Born out of the desire for greater freedom, young Mexican artists believed the established art had become dogmatic, formulaic and nationalistic, they wanted to break away from the government. José Luis Cuevas initiated the Ruptura movement in 1958, by publishing a paper called La Cortina del Nopal “The Cactus Curtain”, condemning Mexican muralism as overly political. This new generation of artists were interested in personal rather than social issues, influenced by Abstract Expressionism, they broke away from the past creating their own voice and vision. Early reactions to this new movement was negative but by the end, they had succeeded in having their art shown in respected museums in Mexico.
The Mexican government controlled many venues where art was promoted and censorship from the ruling PRI party made it difficult to expose new ideas of independence. It was only in the late 1960s that these artists began to show their art at the Museo de Arte Moderno and the Palacio de Bellas Artes.
The founding members of la Ruptura include both native-born Mexicans as well as immigrants, many of which were refugees from World War II, José Luis Cuevas, Fernando Garcia Ponce, Roger Von Gunten, Francisco Toledo, Leonora Carrington, Lilia Carrillo, Manuel Felguerez, Pablo Rulfo, Edmundo Aquino, Arturo Rivera, Alberto Gironella, Ricardo Martinez, Arnaldo Coen, Vlady, Gilberto Aceves Navarro, Gustavo Arias Murueta, Luis Lopez Loza, Luis Almeida, Peggy Espinosa, Adolfo Falcon, Efrain Herrero, Rafael Lopez Castro, Bernardo Recamier and Vicente Rojo are the founders and intellectuals that paved the way for many new artist in Latin America. This movement influenced all facets of culture, authors such as Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, and Juan García Ponce, were part of the birth of ideas, shaping the Rupturas strong voice.
Images by Rogelio Cuellar.